Haiti is a country of approximately 11 million people that is susceptible to natural disaster (flooding, drought, hurricane, earthquakes) as well as political and economic instability. Shaped like a horse shoe, Haiti has two main peninsulas, one in the north and another in the south. Between the peninsulas is the island of Gonaive. Two-thirds of the country is mountainous. The official languages are Creole and French, with some also speaking English and Spanish.
On 12 January 2010, Haiti was struck by a devastating earthquake near the capital, Port au Prince. Shortly after the 2010 earthquake a cholera outbreak impacted Haiti. In 2012 Hurricane Sandy resulted in significant flooding in Haiti, and shortly after a period of El Niño drought.
In response to Hurricane Matthew in October 2016, World Food Programme (WFP) as lead of the ETC, convened the Haiti ICT Working Group, collaborating with government, private sector and humanitarian partners on the ground to ensure a coordinated response. The coordination by WFP was led out of Port au Prince.
Whilst Haiti was spared the worst of recent (September 2017) Hurricane Irma and Hurricane Maria, communities in some parts of the country were impacted by high winds, heavy rains and flooding.
Haiti has been selected as a priority country for ETC preparedness under the ETC2020 strategy. As part of the ETC preparedness stream WFP, as lead of the ETC, joined with GSMA on a mission to Haiti (Port au Prince) in November 2017. The ETC met with key stakeholders including the Department of Civil Defence (DPC), telecommunications regulator (CONATEL), Digicel, AGERCA and a number of humanitarian agencies. This follows an initial ETC preparedness mission to Haiti led by the US Department of State and World Vision International in 2016.
Telecommunications regulator: National Council of Telecommunications (CONATEL)
Restrictions: 5.2GHz and HF radio requires frequency authorisation
There are two mobile networks operators in Haiti:
Digicel: mobile data (3G/4G), fibre optic and microwave links
Natcom: mobile data (3G/4G), fibre optic and microwave links
Access Haiti: ISP, fixed and wireless point-to-point links
Hainet: ISP, wireless point-to-point links
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