A protection crisis erupted in the Central African Republic (C.A.R.) at the end of 2013 resulting in severe violence and widespread displacement. The collapse of state, law and order and public services further exacerbated the situation. Since then, the country has remained extremely volatile. Almost five years after the beginning of the conflict, the humanitarian situation remains critical leaving 2.5 million people, over half the population, in urgent need of assistance.
In February 2018, almost 694,000 people are reported displaced across the country (an increase of 60% since January 2017) and the number of refugees outside C.A.R. is over 530,000.
The Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) was activated in December 2013 in response to the escalating crisis. The recent escalation of violence in C.A.R. during 2017 has brought the country towards the brink of a new, large-scale humanitarian crisis, increasing the protection risks in multiple new hotspots across the country. Led by the World Food Programme (WFP), the ETC in C.A.R. is providing ICT services in nine common operational areas across C.A.R. including Kaga-Bandoro, Bossangoa, Zemio, N'Dele, Bambari, Bangui, Paoua, Bouar and Bria.
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There are fully equipped radio rooms in Bouar, Bambari, Kaga-Bandoro and N’Dele but, due to a lack of funding, there are not dedicated staffing to run them.